English Electric Canberra B.2/ B.20

Canberras remained in front-line service with major air forces throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, and continued to serve as bombers and reconnaissance aircraft with minor air forces through the 1980s and 1990s. In the UK, the PR9 variant remained in service with "No. 39 Squadron RAF" until July 2006 for tactical reconnaissance and photographic mapping, seeing service in the "2003 invasion of Iraq" and, as recently as June 2006, in Afghanistan. The only Canberras remaining in active service are two American-built operated by NASA for high altitude research. The Canberra played a part in many conflicts, being employed as a bomber by the RAF during the Suez Crisis by the UK, New Zealand, and Australia in the Malayan Emergency by the United States and Australia in Vietnam; by Ethiopia against Eritrea and then Somalia during the 1970s; by both Rhodesia and South Africa in their respective Rhodesian Bush War and by Argentina in the Falklands War The Canberra was the backbone of the Indian Air Force for bombing raids and photo reconnaissance. It was first used in 1962 by the IAF as part of the UN campaign against the breakaway Katanga republic in Africa. During the Indo-Pakistani Wars of the 1960s and 1970s, the Canberra was used by both sides. The most audacious use of the bomber was in the "Raid on Badin" during the Second_Kashmir_War when the Indian Air Force sent in the Canberra to bomb a vital Pakistani radar post in West Pakistan . The raid was a complete success and crippled the radars in Badin. Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 they flew a very important hitting the Karachi oil tanks, helping the Indian Navy to carry out their attacks with impunity. May 21 1999 prior to the commencement of the Kargil War, the Air HQ of the Indian Air Force assigned a Canberra PR57 aircraft on a photographic mission near the LOC Line of Control where it took a severe blow from a FIM-92 Stinger Infrared homing missile on the starboard engine and with only one operational engine left it still managed to return to base. The Canberras were finally retired by the IAF after 50 years of service on May 11th 2007. During the Vietnam War No. 2 Squadron RAAF Royal Australian Air Force were valued because of their optical bombsights; these meant they could carry out bombing raids from higher altitudes, often with total surprise. More modern bombers and attack aircraft either used less-accurate electronic targeting equipment and Dive bombing bombing tactics, which risked greater losses to Viet Cong and North Vietnam" anti-aircraft fire.
The Argentine Air Force received 10 B.62 and 2 T.64 trainers at the beginning of the 1970s. During the 1982 Falklands War eight of them were deployed to (a distance of 670 mi (1,080 km) from the islands) to avoid congestion on the closer southern airfields. From May 1 to June 14 they made 35 sorties, 25 of them at night against ground troops. Two aircraft were lost to the ship-launched Sea Dart missile. The Canberra could fly at a higher altitude than any other bomber right through the 1950s and set a world altitude record of 70,310 ft (21,430 m) in 1957. The RAF's three-seat trainer Canberra T4s flew their last flights at RAF Marham in September 2005 because of the retirement of the photo-reconnaissance Canberras on 23 June 2006. In the twilight of their service these had been operational over Afghanistan. Sources indicate that there is no prospective replacement for the Canberra for future reconnaissance work such as that over Afghanistan.

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English Electric Canberra B.2/ B.20

  • Brand: Airfix
  • Product Code: A10101A
  • Availability: In Stock
  • 40.99

  • Ex Tax: 34.16